Biografía de Basilides

¿Quién fue Basilides?

Basilides (ca. 125- ca. 175) is one of the most fascinating religious teachers of the late Hellenistic period. The main structure of the religion that he founded, at least as presented by our two main sources (Clement and Hippolytus), was that salvation consisted in the ascent of the soul through several heavenly realms into the presence of the Divine. This was to be accomplished through Gnosis, Knowledge, which was achieved by circumcision of the heart (a concept familiar to Old Testament tradition by way of Hosea 2:16). Gnosis involved an awareness of the true hierarchy of reality, one showed in a graded series of heavenly realms: the World of Forms, Dominions, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Archons, Angels, Archangels, Principalities, Thrones, Cherubim, Seraphim, Powers and Divine Light. The guide for this ascent was Jesus in the form of an Angel. The process of ascent is what interlaced with the Gnosis which eased the soul’s passage from one heavenly sphere to the next. Certain symbols associated with Jesus were identified with the guided ascent during which the soul would accomplish its collection and standing.

Basilides preached a 37th Aeon and a heavenly Jesus, such as Paul in the Corinthian tradition and Q (if it existed) assumed in some form of Jewish Christianity. Basilides’ system was based on Plato’s theory of Forms and. Gnosis of the Forms in conjunction with practical psychological ritual and discipline. Christology was elaborated by specifying and embellishing the Platonic &idea of the postmortal Ascension. The Sethean Guide, who was regarded as an Angel, taught and instructed the «elect» in the rites and myteries and symbold-bearing ascension which facilitated soul’s rises through the Aeonial Worlds from below. A novice would first learn of the role played by the Aeonial Light and the Postmortal Initiation Rites (Baptism and Chrism), in the destruction and recall of human passions, passions and appetites. He was then instructed in the descent of the Aeonial Light into the World of Forms, its division into Nyssa, the Single One, and Sophia, Wisdom, the Many, to constitute it as a Bright World of Forms from one, many and only one Form, God.

Nyssa issues as a male principle, Seed, which Plato has described in his dialogue, the » Laws «as » a definite recipe destined to raise, nurture and train many useful things» and as the Form or Root of Justice or the World itself. However, Seed is the lower division of Aeonial Light, and so the World of Forms it regulates below is subject, like a garden, a topsy-turvy world of Evil. Nyssa remains with the Seed at the top of the Aeonial Hierarchy, as the Father of Justice, and as the Good, or One, upon which rests as luminous canopy the World of Forms..

Escrito por: Gonzalo Jiménez

Licenciado en Filosofía en la Universidad de Granada (UGR), con Máster en Filosofía Contemporánea en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Desde 2015, se ha desempeñado como docente universitario y como colaborador en diversas publicaciones Académicas, con artículos y ensayos. Es aficionado a la lectura de textos antiguos y le gustan las películas y los gatos.