Biografía de Comenius

¿Quién fue Comenius?

Johann Amos Comenius was a Moravian theologian, educator, and religious reformer. He is considered the father of modern education. Comenius was born in 1592 in Nivnice, Moravia (now part of the Czech Republic). His father, Martin Komensky, was a Lutheran pastor. Comenius was raised a Calvinist, but later became a Moravian. He attended the Brethren school at Herborn in Hesse-Nassau, Germany, and then the Moravian college at Lissa in Silesia (now Leszno, Poland). From 1611 to 1614, he studied theology at the University of Heidelberg. He was ordained a minister in the Moravian Church in 1614, and served as a pastor in several towns in Moravia.

Comenius was a prolific writer, and his major work was «The Great Didactic» (1633), a treatise on education. In it, he advocated for universal education and the use of picture books and other visual aids to help children learn. He also believed that education should be tailored to the individual’s needs and abilities.

Comenius was forced to flee Moravia when the Thirty Years’ War broke out in 1618. He settled in the Dutch Republic, where he served as a chaplain and tutor to the children of Prince Frederick Henry of Orange. He also wrote several educational works during this period, including » Orbis Pictus» («The World in Pictures»), a picture book for children which remained in use for centuries.

In 1628, Comenius returned to Moravia. He was appointed bishop of the Moravian Church in 1632, but was forced to flee again when the Swedes invaded Moravia in 1633. He settled in Poland, where he worked on a new, improved version of «The Great Didactic». He also wrote «The Visible World» (1650), a cosmology which proposed a decimal model of the universe, with the earth at the center and the sun, moon, and stars revolving around it.

In 1656, Comenius traveled to England, where he worked with John Dury on a plan for world peace. He also helped to found a college for the training of Moravian ministers, which later became the University of Edinburgh.

Comenius died in Poland in 1671..

Escrito por: Gonzalo Jiménez

Licenciado en Filosofía en la Universidad de Granada (UGR), con Máster en Filosofía Contemporánea en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Desde 2015, se ha desempeñado como docente universitario y como colaborador en diversas publicaciones Académicas, con artículos y ensayos. Es aficionado a la lectura de textos antiguos y le gustan las películas y los gatos.