¿Quién fue Diogenes of Oenoanda?
Diogenes of Oenoanda was a Greek Stoic philosopher who lived in the 2nd century CE. He wrote a work known as The Discourse, which has survived in fragments. This work is a defense of Stoic philosophy and a scathing critique of other philosophical schools, particularly the Cynics.
Diogenes was born into a wealthy family in Oenoanda, a city in what is now Turkey. He received a good education and became a respected member of his community. However, he was deeply dissatisfied with the materialistic lifestyle of his fellow citizens. In search of a more philosophical way of life, Diogenes traveled to Athens, where he studied under the Stoic philosopher Chrysippus.
After spending some time in Athens, Diogenes returned to Oenoanda and began teaching Stoic philosophy. He wrote The Discourse as a way of spreading the Stoic message to a wider audience. The work was carved onto a stone wall in the city market, where it was available for all to read.
Diogenes’ philosophy was based on the belief that the only thing in life that is truly valuable is wisdom. He believed that the best way to achieve wisdom is to live a simple life in accordance with nature. He also believed that the only way to achieve true happiness is to be content with what one has.
Diogenes’ philosophy was in stark contrast to the Cynic philosophy, which he harshly criticized in The Discourse. The Cynics believed that the only way to achieve happiness was to live a life of complete self-denial. Diogenes believed that this was not only impractical, but also deeply unsatisfying.
Diogenes’ philosophical ideas were not popular with everyone in Oenoanda. He was eventually banished from the city. The exact circumstances of his banishment are not known, but it is thought that his views on Cynicism may have been the cause.
Diogenes died sometime after his banishment from Oenoanda. His philosophical ideas, however, continued to influence Stoic thought for centuries after his death..