Biografía de Italian philosophy

¿Quién fue Italian philosophy?

Aristotelianism was the dominant philosophical school of thought in Italy during the Renaissance. The major representatives of Aristotelianism in Italy were Thomas Aquinas, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, and Francesco Patrizi. Other notable Italian Aristotelians included Niccolo Machiavelli, Girolamo Savonarola, and Piero Soderini.

Aristotle’s philosophy was first introduced to Italy by Arabic and Jewish scholars in the 12th century. In the 13th century, Aquinas brought Aristotelianism to the forefront of Italian thought with his commentary on Aristotle’s works. Aquinas’ student, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, further promoted Aristotle’s philosophy in the 15th century with his own commentaries and original works.

Patrizi was one of the Italian Aristotelians who criticized Aristotle’s philosophy for its materialism and lack of understanding of the soul. Patrizi’s criticisms sparked a significant philosophical debate in Italy known as the «Aristotelian Crisis.» This debate continued into the 16th century, with some Italian philosophers embracing Aristotle’s ideas and others rejecting them.

During the Renaissance, Italy was also the birthplace of humanism, a movement that rejected Aristotelianism and medieval scholasticism in favor of a return to the classical tradition of Greece and Rome. Humanist thinkers such as Giovanni Boccaccio, Petrarch, andLeon Battista Alberti advocated for a new way of thinking that placed emphasis on the individual and the natural world.

In the 17th century, Italian philosophy was influenced by the rise of Cartesianism. Descartes’ philosophy, which emphasized the role of reason in acquiring knowledge, was opposed by the Italian philosopher Galileo Galilei. Galileo’s work in physics and astronomy helped to discredit Aristotelianism and further the spread of Cartesianism in Italy.

The 18th century saw the rise of Enlightenment thought in Italy. Enlightenment philosophers, such as Cesare Beccaria and Giambattista Vico, rejected Aristotelianism and advocated for a more rational and scientific approach to knowledge.

The 19th century was a significant period in the history of Italian philosophy. The unification of Italy in 1870 marked a new era in the country’s intellectual life. Gioberti, Rosmini, and other Italian philosophers began to engage with the philosophical traditions of Germany, France, and Britain.

In the 20th century, Italian philosophy was shaped by the rise of Fascism and the subsequent World War. After the war, Italian philosophers such as Luigi Pirandello, Benedetto Croce, and Antonio Gramsci helped to shape the country’s postwar intellectual life.

Today, Italian philosophy is characterized by a diversity of schools and approaches. Prominent Italian philosophers include Umberto Eco, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Giorgio Agamben, and Luigi Pareyson..

Escrito por: Gonzalo Jiménez

Licenciado en Filosofía en la Universidad de Granada (UGR), con Máster en Filosofía Contemporánea en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Desde 2015, se ha desempeñado como docente universitario y como colaborador en diversas publicaciones Académicas, con artículos y ensayos. Es aficionado a la lectura de textos antiguos y le gustan las películas y los gatos.

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