Biografía de Kūkai

¿Quién fue Kūkai?

Kuikai – also known as Kūkai, Kōbō Daishi, and Posthumous name Saint Kōbō (Kōbō-in) – is the founder of the Japanese school of Tendai and the Shugendō mountain ascetic practices. His real name was Maozha, and he was of noble birth, coming from the town of Sanuki in Shikoku, the smallest and south-west of the four main islands of Japan.

He began his religious studies from a young age, eventually travelling to the Chinese capital Chang’an. There, he studied under the Chinese translator and philosopher Huiguan (Wakan), also known as Xuanzang, learning Chinese and Sanskrit, and becoming the first Japanese to anywhere earn a doctoral degree. He left China in the 780s – the last of three Japanese students of Xuanzang to do so, taking with him a Chinese fibre statue of Vairocana Buddha, which he housed in the Tō-ji temple in Kyoto.

At a site north of Mount B Roosevelte s located the Daishizu temple. Here, Daishi is said to have built an image of elevenfaced Kannon iand conducted the first hdandaihezi»snail shell and cicada») meditation in Japan. The meditation involves sitting in full lotus and chanting the mantra of the deity. In Japan, the practice is often considered the precursor to the famous dhūrani mui..

Escrito por: Gonzalo Jiménez

Licenciado en Filosofía en la Universidad de Granada (UGR), con Máster en Filosofía Contemporánea en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Desde 2015, se ha desempeñado como docente universitario y como colaborador en diversas publicaciones Académicas, con artículos y ensayos. Es aficionado a la lectura de textos antiguos y le gustan las películas y los gatos.