Biografía de Peter Abelard
Peter Abelard was one of the most famous and controversial philosophers of the 12th century. He was born in 1079 in the village of Le Pallet, in the province of Brittany, France. His father, Berengar, was a knight who fought in the First Crusade. His mother, Lucia, was a devout Christian who instilled in her son a love of learning.
Abelard began his studies at the age of 15 at the cathedral school in the nearby city of Nantes. He then went on to study under the renowned philosopher and theologian, William of Champeaux, at the cathedral school in Paris.
While still a student, Abelard began teaching in the city of Meaux. It was here that he first gained a reputation as a gifted and provocative thinker. In 1115, he returned to Paris to take up a position as a teacher at the newly founded monastery school of Notre Dame.
Over the next few years, Abelard became embroiled in a series of debates with his former teacher, William of Champeaux. These debates helped to establish Abelard as one of the most important philosophers of his time.
In 1136, Abelard was accused of heresy and ordered to appear before a church council in Sens. He was exonerated of all charges, but the council did condemn some of his teachings.
As a result of the council’s decision, Abelard retired to the monastery of Saint Denis, where he wrote his greatest work, the ‘Ethics’. He died in 1142, at the age of 63..